Different Categories of Law

Different types of law

The system of rules and regulations imposed by the state in a country is called law. It is the subcategory of the constitution of the state. The law defines the rights, obligations, and responsibilities of all the stockholders of a country. In general, there are different categories of law for different areas we will elaborate it one by one in this article.

Different categories of law are criminal law, Civil law,
Banking and Finance Law, and statue. We will discuss it in a brief one by one
so that you can understand it very well. We will explain the areas where a
particular category of law is enforced and implemented.

Major sub Categories of Law

Criminal law

Civil law

Banking and Financial law

Labor & Employment law

Criminal Law

It is a system of rules and acts to punish people who
commit crimes. Criminal law ensured the safety of people of a country. system
of laws against the people who commits crimes like murder, robbery, harassment,
child abuse, domestic violence, rape and involvement in activities that are
prohibited by the state. 

How it works

In the initial stage, it is the responsibility of the
police to file a report against an offender who is suspected to be involved in
criminal activity. The police draft a charge sheet against the person. The
police collect the initial findings and evidence. 

The next step is to present the offender in the court of
law and provide pieces of evidence in court. Now the offender will face a trial
and if he is found guilty then the court will sentence him punishment.

 Civil Law

Civil law is the branch of law that is concerned with the
private rights of citizens. Civil law provides legal remedies in real estate
and property, contracts, deeds, employment, and family law.

Civil law is derived from the ancient Rome Doctrine that
declares the civil rights of people. Generally, civil law is concerned with
disputes such as financial disputes, property inheritance, fraud, and
bankruptcy. 

Rules and regulations which give directions to resolve a
dispute among the people fall under the civil law.

There are separate courts for civil law that hear civil
law cases and order verdicts in cases of civil law to resolve disputes. 

Banking and Financial Law

Banking and financial law is a set of rules and regulations
to regulate financial activities legally. It deals with the banking and
financial activities taking place among state agencies, banks, companies, and
financial organizations. Banking and financial laws monitor the transactions,
money trail and bank statements and regulate the financial circle.

This law aims to take action against financial fraud,
tempering financial records, and illegal transfer of money, recover black
money, and many more illegal financial activities. 

Some many organizations and institutes monitor the
financial activities internationally and also banking courts exist in each
country which resolves financial disputes.

Labor
& Employment Law

The
branch of law defines a set of rules for labor, employment, and human power. As
we know that Human resource management is a vast and complicated subject. Many
organizations are facing problems managing their men’s power.

The purpose of labor and employment law is to resolve
disputes between the employer and employees such as contracts, working conditions,
hiring new people, termination of employees, and salary disputes.

Lawyers practice in areas of labor and employment law to present their clients in labor courts and resolve disputes peacefully.

read more: Labor & Employment lawyers

These are some major types of law that exist in almost
all countries of the world. It may be different up to some extent and varies
from country to country. anybody can need a legal aid at any stage so if you
face any kind of problem and go to courts so it is quite necessary to know the
basics of law to guide your lawyer in a better way.

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